Indian Flag: The national flag of India is considered as a national symbol of India which is designed to a rectangular shape. The flag consists of three colors deep saffron ( the topmost), white (middle) and India green (lowermost). In the middle layer of white color, there is a navy blue Ashoka Chakra(wheel of law). The Chakra is placed in the center containing 24 spokes in the wheel. On 22nd July 1947 at a meeting of the constituent assembly, this present form of our national flag was adopted.
Authority of India decided and declared Indian flag as the national flag of our country. It is often referred as Tiranga as the flag contains three layers of colors. The Swaraj flag was designed by Pingali venkayya and our national flag is based on that Swaraj flag design. For the people of a country, their national symbol means a lot to them similarly for the people of India National Flag is of great importance. Foremost our Indian flag is made from a special clothes known as khadi.
Indian National Flag Meaning and Significance:
Indian Flag is made from the khadi material which was made famous by Gandhi. For the manufacturing and designing process of the flag bureau of Indian standards are responsible. Whereas khadi development and village industries commission have the right to make and manufacture the Indian flag.
The law related with the National emblems of India or the use of national flags along with national or non-national flags is governed by the national flag code of India. Except on the occasion of national days, the use of National Flag is totally prohibited by the private citizens. However, after the request from Naveen Jindal in 2002, the law has been changed somewhat to alter the use of National Flag by the government of India on the order of a supreme court of India. The rule was again amended in 2005 for the limited use of National Flag.
The Meaning of Tricolor of the Indian Flag:
Due to the flag containing three colors, the National Flag of India is sometimes called as a tri-color flag or Tiranga. The flag is designed in a khadi to clothe with the wheel in the center of the flag and three horizontal stripes of colors. The national flag was adopted on 22nd July 1947 during the revolution against the British Raj. To symbolize the nationalism and freedom of the nation Indian flag was adopted and designed. Indian flags mean a lot to every single people of India. The flag is a way of unity and leads a man to the road to Dharma despite the person hailing from a different caste, creed, and religion. Every color of the Indian flag as well as the Ashoka Chakra reveals some meanings which are as follows:
The first layer or the topmost part is designed in the color of saffron which is referred as kesariya in Hindi. The significance of this color is it resembles the courage ,bravery, and selflessness of the nation. It is also considered as the religious color for few of the religions like Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Hinduism.
Saffron also holds for the bond of unity by forgetting the different caste creed and religion of others and killing the religious ego to bond as one. Saffron color is of great significance in providing people encouragement about doing the work more dedicatedly and with more passion for the betterment of the nation rather than the betterment of oneself.
The middle horizontal layer is designed using the white color which represents the honesty , purity, and peace of our nation. The Indian philosophy also suggests that white color also represents knowledge and cleanliness.
In order to guide the nation, the white color lightens the path of truth. It tells the political leaders of India that to achieve the ultimate national goal by maintaining the peace of the country.
The last layer or the third horizontal line is colored and designed using the green color. The green color signifies the faith, fertility, and prosperity of the nation. The philosopher of India says that green color represents life and festival and the happiness spread by it.
It also represents the environmental greenery for the country of India. It reminds the political leaders of the country to safeguard the country from both internal and external enemies.
Ashoka Chakra and 24 Spokes
According to the Hindus mythology, the number 24 is of great significance in Puranas and Vedas. Ashoka Chakra is sometimes also known as Dharma Chakra or Samay Chakra. The 24 spokes contained in the Ashoka Chakra represents the 24 hours of the day. It also represents the 24 Dharma rishis of the Hindu religion who were able to wield the whole power of the Gayatri Mantra. These Dharma rishis are represented by the 24 letter of Gayatri Mantra. The first spoke of the Ashok Chakra represents the Vishwa Mitra Rishi.
The placement of Ashoka Chakra in the middle of the flag is also of significance. Long time back lord Buddha the founder of Buddhism attained enlightenment or got Nirvana in Bodh Gaya. He went to Sarnath present day Varanasi after getting nirvana. He found there 5 disciples or panch vargiya bhikshu. To them, lord Buddha preached the sermon the discipline of Dharma Chakra. These preachings were later represented on the Ashoka pillar by king Ashoka which later became the center of the origin of the Ashoka Chakra. So the Ashoka Chakra is in the center of the national flag. The Chakra represents the strong bond of Buddhism religions with India.
The 12 spokes indicates the teachings of the Lord Buddha whereas another 12 are paired with their equivalent symbols such as Avidya (means lack of knowledge), Samskara (means a shaper), Vijnana (means consciousness), Namarupa (means name and form), Sadayatana (means six senses like ear, eye, tongue, nose, body, and mind), Sparsa (means contact), Vedana (means pain), Trsna (means thirst), Upadana (means grasp), Bhava (means coming to be), Jati (means being born), Jaramarana (means old age) and death.
Why is Ashok Chakra in Navy Blue?
The Navy blue color of the Ashoka Chakra placed in the center of the white strip of National Flag represents the color of sky and ocean , the universal truth.
What 24 spokes Represents?
According to the Hindu religion, all 24 spokes of the Chakra represents the Dharma or life principles. The 24 dharmas are as follows: Love, courage, patience, peacefulness, Magnanimity, goodness, faithfulness, Gentleness, selflessness, self-control, self-sacrifice, truthfulness, righteousness, justice, mercy, gratefulness, humility, empathy, sympathy, moral values, spiritual wisdom, spiritual knowledge, the fear of God and faith.
History of Indian National Flag:
A Flag is a symbolic representation of any country, so every country needs a Flag to represent themselves. The present form of the national Flag was first adopted on the 22nd July 1947 at the meeting of the constituent assembly few days previous to the India’s independence against the British Raj. Pingali venkayya was the designer of the flag using the three colors, Chakra, and khadi clothes. The shape of our flag is in a rectangular shape with each color consisting of equal proportion for the horizontal body. The ratio of our national flag width to length is 2:3. The middle white layer contains an Ashoka Chakra of Navy blue color with 24 spokes in it.
Before the final adoption of this national flag, our flag has gone through various phases of changes from its first inception. The search for the appropriate national flag to represent the country began during the British Raj itself .
Evolution of Indian Flag:
It is given in history that the first flag was hoisted on 7th of August 1906 in the green park which is also known as parsee Bagan square at Calcutta oresent day Kolkata.
The flag was simply designed with a mixture of 3 strips of horizontal colors. The colors consisted of green, yellow and red. The uppermost layer or strip of the flag contained 8 Lotus . The middle strip of the flag consisted of Vande Mataram written in Hindi. And the lower strip consisted of a crescent and a sun.
The second time the national flag was hoisted in Paris in 1907 , and the lady who hoisted the flag was Madame came along with her banished revolutionary band. This national flag was later exhibited in the social conference at Berlin. The second hoisted flag was a little difference from the first one. The uppermost strip contained a Lotus and 7 stars resembling the seven saptrishis. The middle yellow strip consisted of Vande Mataram written in Hindi and the last green strip consisted of the sun on one corner and a crescent and star on the other corner.
The third time the flag was hoisted by Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak during home rule movement in 1917. It was designed with five red and four green strips equally divided in an alternate manner. The flag also contained union Jack on the top most corner and on another corner there were the sun and a crescent. There were also seven stars representing sapt rishis.
All India Congress committee in 1921 designed a Flag in Bezwada present day Vijayawada. The two strip of white and green represented Hindu and Muslim religion and the Charkha represented the progress of the nation and the white strip used to represent the other religions present in the country.
In 1931 finally, a resolution was passed to adopt a trip color flag which was suggested by Gandhi in India. The flag contained saffron, white and green strip and a spinning wheel or Charkha in the middle.
Finally at the constituent assembly on 22nd July 1947 same tricolor of saffron white and green were decided to be part of Indian Flag with a little significant change in the middle with Dharma Chakra replacing Charkha. And thus this flag became the national Flag of independent India.