Indian Flag: National Flag of India, also known as ‘Tiranga’ resembles our national pride in its three colors, as the name suggests, along with the Ashoka Chakra in the middle. It is a horizontal rectangular tricolor of deep saffron, white and India green along with the Ashoka Chakra in Blue with 24 spokes. Tiranga, known officially as the Indian National flag was adopted in this current form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly back in the year 1947. As the Indian Republic Day will be celebrated in just a few days, let us have a look at the history behind our National Flag and remember it pride. Check Indian Flag History below.
Indian Flag History – Who is the Founder of Indian National Flag:
Designed by Shri Pingali Venkaiah for the Indian National Congress, the flag was a bit different from the existing one and was called to be the ‘Swaraj’ flag. After India attaining the Independence, it was officially decided to be the National flag with its spinning wheel being replaced by the Ashoka Chakra. The flag is to be manufactured using Khadi cloth and by following the specifications set by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The manufacturing of the Indian flag needs to satisfy the standards set.
It was during the British rule that a flag on the name of India raised in the year 1857. This first flag was similar to those that resemble the British colonies including Canada and Australia. It is only during the early years of the twentieth century that the discussion on the need for a heraldic symbol to represent the country started. Many suggestions were given by the Nationalists which were rejected for they being Hindu-centric symbols which do not suit a Hindu-Muslim country.
Many suggestions were made in different meetings including the annual session of the Indian National Congress but none was finalized. After this, in the year 1916, Shri Pingali Venkaiah submitted thirty new designs in the form of a booklet. During these times, many designs have been made and used on the temporary basis and some incidents led to a public debate on the function and importance of the National flag.
Indian Flag History – Manufacture And Symbolism:
It was in the year 1920 when the Indian delegation to the league of Nations wanted to use an Indian flag which resulted in a renewed emphasis by the British Indian government on designing a flag to be the national symbol. Following this, Gandhi wrote in his journal Young India about the need for a National flag and commissioned Pingali Venkayya to design a flag with a spinning wheel on a red and green banner.
After many alterations, a flag was designed in red, white, and green colors, symbolizing the sacrifices of the people, purity, and hope respectively. The Swaraj Flag with the spinning wheel designed by Venkayya was hoisted during a procession by the Congress volunteers in Nagpur commemorating the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. After many movements, the Swaraj flag was hailed as a symbol of National unity also from the Muslim leaders of the Congress. Thus the flag in tricolors with spinning wheel at the center became a significant structural component of the institution of India.
Just before Indian gained independence, an ad-hoc committee was formed for selecting a flag for the country without any communal undertones. The spinning wheel of the Congress flag was replaced by the Chakra (wheel) from the Lion Capital of Ashoka. The flag was proposed by Nehru at the constituent assembly on 22 July 1947 as a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron, white and dark green in equal proportions, with the Ashoka wheel in blue in the center of the white band. It served as the Indian National Flag since then.
Famous Quotes for Indian National Flag:
I was in high school when Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled India’s flag in New Delhi. – A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
To survive in peace and harmony, united and strong, we must have one people, one nation, one flag. – Pauline Hanson
I believe our flag is more than just cloth and ink. It is a universally recognized symbol that stands for liberty, and freedom. It is the history of our nation, and it’s marked by the blood of those who died defending it. – John Thune
Our flag is not just one of many political points of view. Rather, the flag is a symbol of our national unity. – Adrian Cronauer
Our flag honors those who have fought to protect it, and is a reminder of the sacrifice of our nation’s founders and heroes. As the ultimate icon of America’s storied history, the Stars and Stripes represents the very best of this nation. – Joe Barton
On what rests the hope of the republic? One country, one language, one flag! – Alexander Henry
There is much more to being a patriot and a citizen than reciting the pledge or raising a flag. – Jesse Ventura
There is no flag large enough to cover the shame of killing innocent people. – Howard Zinn
Patriotism consists not in waving the flag, but in striving that our country shall be righteous as well as strong.– James Bryce
We give our Heads! and our Hearts! to Our Country! One Country! One Language! One Flag! – Colonel George T. Balch.
It is the flag just as much of the man who was naturalized yesterday as of the men whose people have been here many generations. – Henry Cabot Lodge
The union of hearts the union of hands And the flag of our Union forever. – George Pope Morris
Let it be borne on the flag under which we rally in every exigency, that we have one country, one constitution, one destiny. – Daniel Webster
We have but one flag, one country; let us stand together. We may differ in color, but not in sentiment. Many things have been said about me which are wrong, and which white and black persons here, who stood by me through the war, can contradict.” – Nathan Bedford Forrest